The city of Sana’a is located in the center of the Republic of Yemen, and it is the capital of Yemen and the largest city. The city of Sana’a is located in a mountainous area in central Yemen and it is 2,300 meters above sea level. the political aspect of Sana’a is culturally significant and It has prominent archaeological landmarks including the Great Mosque which is the first mosque in Yemen. Sana’a It does not have any seaport, and it has a single airport, which is Sana’a International Airport.
The official number of Sanaa’s population for the year 2021 has not been officially revealed. The city of Sana’a is the most populous city and the largest city in Yemen. It is the capital of the country, and its population is about 1,937,451 people, according to the latest statistics of 2018, and it is also inhabited by South Asians, Arabs of African descent, and even some Europeans.
Culture in Sana’a:
The Yemeni Janabiya is known as the most famous type of Arab dagger, the Yemeni Janabiya is used to avoid social discrimination, and to impart the character of “masculinity to those who wear it”, as some Yemenis believe.
Marriage ceremonies in Yemen may last up to 21 days, and one of the most famous folk dances at wedding ceremonies is “Al-Bara”.
The Yemeni people are known to be among the most consuming peoples of qat, a flowering plant that gives a state of hyperactivity to those who consume it
Men in Yemen work in all shops, including those that sell women’s clothes.
The majority of local women wear the black niqab.
Old Sana’a is one of the oldest cities in the world. Old Sana’a has been inhabited for more than 2,500 years and was built in a mountain valley rising to 2,200 meters above sea level. In the seventh and eighth centuries, the city turned into an important center for the spread of Islam. It has preserved a religious and political heritage that is reflected in 106 mosques, 21 hammams, and 6,500 homes dating back to before the eleventh century. Multi-story tower dwellings and old brick houses decorated with striking geometric patterns add beauty to the site. Old Sana’a was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986 and was added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 2015, as a result of armed clashes in the country and the heavy rains.
It is a 1,000-year-old historical and tourist attraction designed by Sam Ben Noah. Bab al-Yaman is the main entrance to the old city of Sana’a from the southern side, and it is the only gate that remains in its entirety among the other four gates.
Yemen gate, which is now in Sana’a, is one of the oldest gates in Yemen. Historical narrations indicate that the old wall of Sana’a with its four gates, the most prominent of which is Bab al-Yaman, was found during the era of the Yafarite state (439-532) Hijri, while other sources indicate that it was built during the Sulayhid state.
In the fifth and sixth centuries Hijri and that the sultans of the Ayyubid state completed it in the year 569 Hijri.