The city of Aden is located on the coast of the Gulf of Aden and is about 363 km away from the capital, Sana’a. The population of Aden Governorate represents approximately (3%) of the total population of Yemen. It is one of the most beautiful coastal cities in Yemen. Aden is the largest city in southern Yemen. It is also the administrative center of the Aden Governorate. the name of Aden is still legendary and exciting, and many stories and legends have been told about this historical city.
The population of Aden in 1931 was about 51,500 people. After that, two population censuses were conducted in the years 1946 and 1955, with a population of 80,516 and 138,441 people, respectively, an increase of more than 50%.
The population growth in Aden was steady due to many factors related to migration from the surrounding rural areas, in addition to the presence of a large number of different races through external migration to work in many vital sectors in it, specifically in major international companies that were present and had different activities in Aden.
Citernes de Tawila
Aden cisterns, huge reservoirs as old as the city of Aden and a favorite historical site in Aden, were built to contain rainwater coming from the mountains and store it for water distribution to other areas for agriculture and drinking. Although they have kept water for thousands of years, the “Aden cisterns” seem to be empty of water, and have become the most prominent historical and tourist attractions in the governorate of Aden in particular and at the level of Yemen in general, and visitors to the city from inside and outside the country are keen to visit it and stand on its splendor and engineering accuracy. The historical sources differed in determining the time when these cisterns were built, and archaeological researchers did not find any support, inscriptions or indications indicating the date of their construction, and it is likely that their construction went through multiple historical stages, the first of which was in the fifteenth century BC during the reign of the Kingdom of Seba.
The city of Aden in southern Yemen is the main stronghold of the most famous types of Yemeni incense, and it is distinguished from other regions in Yemen in terms of the quality of the incense industry in the city, and so it was called Adani incense in relation to the city.
Perhaps the most important thing that distinguishes it is the method of making Adani incense, as it is prepared at home by housewives who manufacture and market it through the owners of shops selling incense.
Most of the Adenite women work in incense, as it is a major source of income for many families.
The coasts of Aden
The coast of Aden is considered one of the most beautiful coasts in Yemen and in the Arab world as a whole, where visitors come from all over Yemen and from the Arab Gulf countries because of the beauty of its landscapes, picturesque and vastness.
The governorate has beautiful coastal beaches, including:
- The Golden Coast: It is located in the area between Jabal El-Fil and Jabal Hail in the Tawahi District.
- Al Ghadeer Beach: Al-Ghadeer Beach is located in Al-Ghadir area in Al-Buraiqah, Aden Al-Sughra. It is considered one of the most beautiful beache. It is a tourist park with chalets and rest houses that provide tourist services that meet the requirements of visitors.